Thursday, February 11, 2010


1)Brunton, F. R., and O. A. Dixon (1994), Siliceous Sponge-Microbe Biotic Associations and Their Recurrence through the Phanerozoic as Reef Mound Constructors, Palaios, 9(4), 370-387.

Environmental indicator of the Early Ordovician (and other Phanerozoic periods) by buildup of siliceous sponge-microbe reef mounds. The article talks about the common attributes of the reef mounds which include the abundance of thrombolites, but fewer stromatolites during the Phanerozoic episodes of reef mound construction. I will mostly refer to the Ordovician microbialites mentioned in this article

2)Burne, R. V., and L. S. Moore (1987), Microbialites: Organosedimentary Deposits of Benthic Microbial Communities, Palaios, 2(3), 241-254.

3)Davis, R. A. (1966), Willow River Dolomite - Ordovician analogue of modern algal stromatolite environments, J. Geol., 74(6), 908-923.

Descriptions of algal stromatolites found in the Shakopee Formation (in particular the Willow River Dolomite member) of the Lower Ordovician of the Upper Mississippi Valley are found to have been deposited in an environment similar to that of modern intertidal carbonate depositional environments of Florida and Australia. Similar depositional environments in which the Willow River dolomite was formed is found in the Appalachian, Ozark, and central Texas areas during the Lower Ordovician.

4)Dill, R. F., E. A. Shinn, A. T. Jones, K. Kelly, and R. P. Steinen (1986), Giant subtidal stromatolites forming in normal salinity waters, Nature, 324(6092), 55-58.

5)Druschke, P. A., G. Q. Jiang, T. B. Anderson, and A. D. Hanson (2009), Stromatolites in the Late Ordovician Eureka Quartzite: implications for microbial growth and preservation in siliciclastic settings, Sedimentology, 56(5), 1275-1291.

Siliciclastic domal stromatolites found in the Later Ordovician Eureka Quartzite of Southern Nevada and Eastern California give some insight into the growth of microbialites in siliciclastic environments - I have blogged about this called Environment vs. Microbialites.

6)Ginsburg, R. N. (1967), Stromatolites, Science, 157(3786), 339-340.

A compilation of brief descriptions of how stromatolites are theorized to form by different geologists' perspective and how they are environmental indicators. This article is from a presentation on a historical review of stromatolites.

7)Kennard, J. M., and N. P. James (1986), Thrombolites and Stromatolites: Two Distinct Types of Microbial Structures, Palaios, 1(5), 492-503.

8)Logan, B. W., R. Rezak, and R. N. Ginsburg (1964), Classification and Environmental Significance of Algal Stromatolites,
The Journal of Geology, 72(1), 68-83.

This authors of this article has come up with a method of classification of stromatolites based on their geometric shapes and how their shapes, sea-level, and the environment affect their growth.

Overstreet, R. B., F. E. Oboh-Ikuenobe, and J. M. Gregg (2003), Sequence stratigraphy and depositional facies of Lower Ordovician cyclic carbonate rocks, southern Missouri, USA, J Sediment Res, 73(3), 421-433.

10)Shinn, E. A. (1991), Tidal Flat Environment in Carbonate Depositional Environments (Eds P.A. Scholle, D.G. Bebout, and C.H. Moore), AAPG Mem., 33, 171-210.

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